Heritage of Pan: The Busó

Pan was born in Arcadia, as an wood-daemon. He is the son of Hermes, his mother is said to be a nymph, Dryope. He was so ugly that his mother cut him off, his father brought him up and presented him to the gods of Olympos. They get laughed at him and gave him the name Pan. His name is sometimes mistakenly thought to be identical to the Greek word „pan”, meaning „all”, when in fact the name of the god is derived from the word „pa-on”, wich means „herdsman”.

He has the hindquarters, legs, and horns of goat. Pan is famous for his sexual powers, and is often depicted with an erected phallus.

Pan is the Greek god of sheperds and flocks, of mountain wilds, hunting and rustic music. He is recognized as the god of fields, groves, and wooded glens, because of this, Pan is connected to fertility and the season of spring. Pan inspired sudden fear in lonely places - Panic and it is said that in the Battle of Marathon, Pan favored the Athenians and so inspired panic in the hearts of their enemies, the Persians. The worship of Pan began in Arcadia, and Arcadia was always the principal seat of his worship, but the cult of Pan widespread in Pannónia (part of Hungary) too.